Title: Army private, Spanish American War
Birthdate: June 1, 1878, Philadelphia, PA
Death Date: July 15, 1900, Pinar Del Rio, Cuba
Plot Location:

Edward W. Curry, Spanish American War Veteran

From 1895 to 1898 Cuban revolutionaries were engaged in a violent conflict to free themselves from Spanish rule.  The instability of Cuba, both politically and economically, was of major concern to the United States because of its close proximity to the US mainland. The United States also had millions of dollars invested in Cuban businesses and many citizens residing on the island. As the US closely watched the rebellion, tensions with Spain continued to escalate.

The mysterious sinking of the US Battleship Maine in Havana Harbor in February of 1898 was the flashpoint. On April 20, 1898, Congress approved a joint resolution acknowledging Cuban independence and demanding that Spain give up control of the island.  They also authorized President McKinley to use military measures to guarantee Cuba’s independence.  The Spanish government rejected the US demands and severed diplomatic relations.  A naval blockade began on April 22, followed the next day by the President calling for 125,000 military volunteers. Spain declared war on the United States and the Spanish-American War was underway, although it was over before the end of the year.

Among those who responded to the call was Edward Curry, a painter and Philadelphia resident.  Edward enlisted for a three year term on November 4, 1898.  The original enlistment record shows he was 21 years old, 5 feet 6 1/2 inches tall with brown eyes, light brown hair and a ruddy complexion. He entered service as a private in the first infantry.

The tropical climate in Cuba was a breeding ground for disease.  Heat, wet weather and unsanitary conditions resulted in outbreaks of malaria, yellow fever and dysentery.  It is believed that five times as many soldiers died of disease than in battle.  Edward would be one of the many who succumbed to disease.  He died of yellow fever on July 15, 1900 at the barracks in Pinar Del Rio, a western Cuban province.

President McKinley, a Civil War veteran who fought at Antietam, was said to have been deeply affected by the deaths so he sent teams to Cuba and Puerto Rico to recover the bodies of fallen military so they could be returned to their homes and families. Edward was among them, and was buried at Mt. Moriah on March 19, 1901,  eight months after his death.

A newspaper article from March 20, 1901, detailed Edward’s sad return and burial.  Because of Health Department regulations, the coffin could not be opened so his father was able to view only the re-interment of the coffin. The article also states Curry was 17 when he enlisted, however the original enlistment document shows he was older.
Philadelphia PA Inquirer March 1901
Japanese maple tree in front of a monument at Mount Moriah Cemetery

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